Rol de las funciones ejecutivas en la comprensión de la ingesta alimentaria ¿respuestas o vacíos?

Mariela González

Resumen


Las funciones ejecutivas (FE) son un sistema de operaciones cognitivas complejas que participan en el control emocional y conductual, específicamente aquellas que se requieren para concentrarse, pensar, esforzarse y controlar impulsos ante una tarea determinada. Por tanto, son fundamentales para muchas de las estrategias que se despliegan en el logro de los objetivos que se tracen, y entre estos, potencialmente la capacidad para seguir una dieta y un plan de ejercicios. La evidencia encontrada sugiere que personas con sobrepeso u obesidad, presentan un conjunto de déficits en las FE que podrían ser importantes para explicar el aumento de su ingesta alimentaria ante determinadas condiciones. Entender el rol de las FE ayudaría a comprender las razones por las cuales las personas fracasan en diversos métodos para el control del peso.


Palabras clave


Funciones ejecutivas; ingesta alimentaria; sobrepeso; obesidad.

Texto completo:

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Referencias


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